AskDefine | Define gourmet

Dictionary Definition

gourmet n : a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment (especially good food and drink) [syn: epicure, gastronome, bon vivant, epicurean, foodie]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Gourmet

English

Pronunciation

\Gour`met"\

Adjective

  1. In the context of "of food": fine
    Gourmet coffee is just like regular coffee, only better.
    We need to go to the gourmet grocery store to get the exotic ingredients for this recipe.

Translations

  • French: gastronomique

Noun

  1. A connoisseur in eating and drinking. Also called a foodie, a gourmet is someone who takes their food considerably more seriously than most. Some might say that they live to eat rather than eating to live. They appreciate fine quality of food. Gourmets started the Slow Food movement.

Translations

connoisseur
  • Chinese: 美食者,精通吃的人
  • Czech: labužník
  • French: gourmet
  • German: Feinschmecker
  • Japanese: 食通, 美食家, グルメ

Related terms

  • A gourmand is someone interested in quantity of food as well as quality.

See also

Extensive Definition

Gourmet is a cultural ideal associated with fine food and dining.

Person

The term gourmet may refer to a person with refined or discriminating taste or to one that is knowledgeable in the art of food and food preparation.

Food

Gourmet may describe a class of restaurant, cuisine, meal or ingredient of high quality, of special presentation, or high sophistication. In the United States, a 1980s gourmet food movement evolved from a long-term division between elitist (or "gourmet") tastes and a populist aversion to fancy foods. Gourmet is an industry classification for high-quality premium foods in the United States. In the 2000s, there has been an accelerating increase in the American gourmet market, due in part to rising income, globalization of taste, and health and nutrition concerns. Individual food and beverage categories, such as coffee, are often divided between a standard and a "gourmet" sub-market.

Gourmet pursuits

Certain events such as wine tastings cater to people who consider themselves gourmets and foodies. Television programs (such as those on the Food Network) and publications such as Gourmet magazine often serve gourmets with food columns and features. Gourmet tourism is a niche industry catering to people who travel to food or wine tastings, restaurants, or food production regions for leisure.

Origin of term

The word gourmet is from the French term for a wine broker or taste-vin employed by a wine dealer. Friand was the reputable name for a connoisseur of delicious things that were not eaten primarily for nourishment: "A good gourmet", wrote the conservative Dictionnaire de Trévoux, employing this original sense, "must have le goût friand", or a refined palate. In the eighteenth century, gourmet and gourmand carried disreputable connotations of gluttony, which only gourmand has retained. Gourmet was rendered respectable by Grimod de la Reynière, whose Almanach des Gourmands, essentially the first restaurant guide, appeared in Paris from 1803 to 1812. Previously, even the liberal Encyclopédie offered a moralising tone in its entry Gourmandise, defined as "refined and uncontrolled love of good food", employing reproving illustrations that contrasted the frugal ancient Spartans and Romans of the Republic with the decadent luxury of Sybaris. The Jesuits' Dictionnaire de Trévoux took the Encyclopédistes to task, reminding its readers that gourmandise was one of the Seven Deadly Sins.

Related concepts

Foodie is often used by the media as a conversational synonym for gourmet, although it is a different concept (that of a food aficionado).
gourmet in Bulgarian: Гурме
gourmet in German: Gourmet
gourmet in Spanish: Gourmet
gourmet in Italian: Gourmet
gourmet in Hebrew: גורמה
gourmet in Japanese: 食通
gourmet in Swedish: Gourmet

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Brillat-Savarin, Cyrenaic, Heliogabalus, Lucullus, Sardanapalus, amateur, arbiter, arbiter elegantiarum, arbiter of taste, authority, board-and-roomer, boarder, bon vivant, cannibal, carnivore, carpet knight, cognoscente, collector, connaisseur, connoisseur, connoisseur of food, consumer, critic, dilettante, diner, diner-out, eater, eater-out, epicure, epicurean, expert, feeder, flesh-eater, fruitarian, gastronome, gastronomer, gastronomist, glutton, good judge, gourmand, grain-eater, graminivore, granivore, hedonist, herbivore, high liver, hungry mouth, judge, lactovegetarian, luncher, man-eater, maven, meat-eater, mouth, omnivore, omophagist, pantophagist, phytophage, picnicker, plant-eater, pleasure-seeker, predacean, refined palate, sensualist, sensuist, swine, sybarite, trencherman, vegetarian, virtuoso, voluptuary
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